The Role of Greece and Turkey’s Accession into NATO in the Strategic Reposturing of the United States in Early Post-World War II Europe
SAM COHEN | AUGUST 2017
After outlining Soviet and American strategic posture in Southeastern Europe in the post-WWII environment, the paper identifies that Washington policymakers sought NATO expansion in 1952 to protect the region from embedding with the Soviet realm of influence. The paper then demonstrates how the accession of Greece and Turkey into the NATO alliance in 1952, induced a strategic rebalancing on the European continent through sequential tactical shifts that left the Soviet Union out positioned in Southeastern Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Caucasus by the United States. These tactical gains, and corresponding strategic developments, are then related to and analyzed in a contemporary context focusing on NATO expansionary efforts in Georgia and Ukraine in a period of an assertive Russia.