Communities against Organised Crime

ANALYSIS OF TWO COMMUNITY-BASED APPROACHES IN SCOTLAND AND SICILY

ALESSANDRA PIACENTI | AUGUST 2017
Community-based approaches are described as a revolutionary method to tackle the causes responsible for people engaging in organized crime. When it comes to organized crime, in fact, the presence of several factors working together makes it a type of crime incredibly difficult to eradicate, no matter how strong and powerful the responses carried out by the law enforcement are. Socio-economic deprivation, inequality, social exclusion and lack of education and employment opportunities, alongside with an unhealthy cultural mind-set of inequality, are the main causes responsible for the reiteration of the organized crime discourse. Addressing these factors is the only way to break the chain of organized crime, giving back the community to its members. In this essay, two different approaches, the CashBack for Communities Programme in Scotland and the Addiopizzo Committee in Sicily, will be examined, analysing their different features, and the rationales behind their design along with the different way they have been implemented in the two communities.